Convert Milligrams Sodium to Teaspoons Salt

convert miligrams sodium Why should you want a mathematical formula to convert milligrams sodium into teaspoons of salt?

You need, or at least want, to monitor your dietary salt intake. To that end, you read all the labels on the food cans, but you can’t figure out how much salt a serving of food contains. The label lists sodium, not salt—which is sodium chloride. Is there some simple way you can determine how much salt is in that can and how much is in one “serving?”

That is what this very brief article is all about. After you have read it, please print it out, and clip off the simple mathematical converter equation at the bottom. Take it to the grocery store, along with your pocket calculator, and you should be quickly able to approximate without either, what the salt content is per serving. Yes, you can convert milligrams sodium to teaspoons salt.

convert milligrams sodiumSodium to the Chloride

The atomic weight of sodium, found in the chemical period table of the elements, is 23.0. Now sodium chloride – ordinary table salt – is one atom of sodium combined with one atom of chlorine. Chlorine has an atomic weight of 34.5. Since salt has two atoms united as one molecule, it has a molecular weight rather than an atomic weight, and that molecular weight amounts to 57.5. So if a can of green beans contains 80 milligrams (mg) of sodium, it contains more than that of salt. In fact, the exact amount is 80 times 57.5 divided by 23.0, or 200 mg of salt, two-and-a-half times the amount of sodium.

Determining Salt per Serving

So far, we’ve determined that the salt in a can of green beans amounts to 200 mg, even though the can reads that it contains only 80 mg of sodium. How much salt per serving will the purchaser consume, if he or she sticks to the serving size suggested on the can? Simple division of the total salt by the number of servings in the can gives the result. For example, if the label says the can contains two servings, then each one contains 100 mg of salt.

Convert Milligrams Salt to Teaspoons Saltconvert milligrams sodium

One milligram is a relatively small quantity of table salt. A mere one-teaspoon of granulated salt contains some 2325 milligrams. So in the case of our can of green beans, the entire can contains something less than one-tenth (1/10) teaspoon of salt. A serving is half that, or less than one-twentieth (1/20) of a teaspoon. This example well illustrates the working of our final sodium to salt conversion formula.

Note: the Mayo Clinic says the suggested maximum salt intake per day, even for the average person is less than one teaspoonful. Those with health issues or who are part of an at-risk group should consume considerably less.

Convert Milligrams Sodium to Teaspoons Salt

Below is the conversion formula you need to accomplish the task. Notice how simple it is!

>>> Teaspoons Salt = Milligrams Sodium x 0.00043 <<<

Quick Reminder: to obtain the teaspoons of salt per serving, divide the total salt in the can by the total number of servings.

Note: You might also enjoy Carbs or Carbohydrates – What Are They?

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  • Ash Reply

    Our water has 1.3 milligrams/liter. How do I calculate the amount in one cup?

    • Vincent Summers Reply

      There are 4.5 cups in a liter of water. Therefore, sodium is 1.3 divided by 4.5. This equals 0.29 milligrams sodium per cup. This, multiplied times 0.00043 gives something under one-thousandth of a teaspoon of salt per cup of water. For all practical purposes, this is ZERO teaspoons.

  • Frankie Peale Reply

    45 mg. sodium — container has 4 servings (150 g per serving of yogurt) 80 calories and from fat 0… Help me with the sodium, please.

  • Larry Reply

    Quoting from the comment: “So if a can of green beans contains 80 milligrams (mg) of sodium, it contains more than that of salt. In fact, the exact amount is 80 times 57.5 divided by 23.0, or 200 mg of salt, two-and-a-half times the amount of sodium.” If you read the label it will state the 80mg of sodium is PER SERVING and there are X number of servings/can. In this instance it is likely the number of servings is two, thus the 200 mg of sodium is per serving, thus there is 400 mg of sodium in the full can of green beans.

    • Vincent Summers Reply

      Sorry, Larry, but you are incorrect. If the can contains 200 mg of salt and holds two servings, and you eat the full contents of the can, you have eaten 200 mg, not 400 mg, of salt. But I’m hearing you. I understand what you mean. If the can contains 200 mg per serving and contains two servings and you eat both servings, you’ve eaten 400 mg of salt.

  • Rose Maclachlan Reply

    So at age 77, with high blood pressure, my intake of table salt should be less then a teaspoon. Thank you so much.

    • Jeneen Reply

      For a person age 77 or more with high blood pressure what should be the ideal amount of table salt one should try to stay under per day?

      • Vincent Summers Reply

        I am a chemist and not a medical professional. It would be wrong for me to prescribe what you should do. Please contact the closing thing you can find to a physician.

  • Lynn Reply

    What is the [maximum recommended] daily mg intake for sodium chloride [table salt]?

    • Vincent Summers Reply

      In these days of conflicting reports and controversial topics, the number out there that is an upper limit suggestion is about 1 teaspoon per day. It is generally conceded less is desirable. One teaspoon is about 2,300 mg of sodium chloride.

  • Rod Stewart Reply

    I eat a lot of salty foods – but I drink a lot of beer – gallons – so I flush out all the salt

    • Vincent Summers Reply

      Sounds like you won’t have to worry about high blood pressure etc. Now about your liver…

  • Barbara Reply

    I am drinking Herbalife shakes which have 290mg of sodium. Can you tell me if this is more than one teaspoon?

    • Vincent Summers Reply

      This is equivalent to approximately 1/8 teaspoon salt.

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